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Pulmonary artery hypertension in newborns

Pulmonary artery hypertension in newborns is a serious problem. As the child’s blood circulation is working abnormally, leading to high blood pressure in the arteries going to the lungs. This leads to a decrease in the amount of oxygen supplied to the baby’s body. In this article, we present the symptoms, diagnosis, causes and treatment of pulmonary artery hypertension in newborns.

Causes and risk factors for childhood pulmonary hypertension

Pulmonary artery hypertension usually occurs within 72 hours of the baby’s birth. This syndrome can be caused by several causes and factors, including:

 

The lungs inhale the digestive products in the stomach of the fetus before birth

Pregnant mother’s depression

Infection

Low body temperature

A birth defect in the lungs or as a result of congenital heart defects

Signs and symptoms of pulmonary artery hypertension in newborns

An increased heart rate of more than 60 beats per minute

The children grunted or moan when breathing in

Severe contractions of the skin between the ribs or under the rib cage

Blue lips or around the mouth and these symptoms increase during the first 24 hours of birth

Pale or blotchy skin

Cold or blue hands and feet

Decreased amount of oxygen in the blood even after using a ventilator

Reduction of Blood pressure

Decreased urination

Flatulence

Diagnosis of pulmonary artery hypertension in newborns

After the first symptoms of pulmonary artery elevation appear, the disease is diagnosed with some diagnostic methods. Echocardiography or ultrasound of the heart is one of the most reliable methods, and it is suitable for children as it does not use any harmful radiation. The diagnosis of pulmonary artery hypertension in newborns is divided into laboratory analyzes, medical imaging and medical procedures.

 

Laboratory analyzes

Measuring the level of arterial gas in the blood

 This test is done to measure the acidity of the blood, the partial pressure of carbon dioxide in artery gas, and the partial pressure of oxygen.

Blood count. This is to measure the level of hematocrit in the blood, as an increase in it indicates pneumonia.

Blood clotting analysis

Serum electrolytes and blood glucose analysis

Cardiac imaging

 

 Cardiac ultrasound can be a diagnostic method for pulmonary hypertension in newborns. Echocardiography is the best and safest way to diagnose pulmonary artery hypertension in newborns.

Medical procedures

Diagnostic cardiac catheterization

. The doctor may resort to diagnosis by cardiac catheterization

Treatment of pulmonary artery hypertension in newborns

Treatment for pulmonary artery hypertension usually aims to increase the amount of oxygen in the blood and achieve adequate blood pressure in the lungs.

 

Preventive measures

Preventive measures include the following:

Constant monitoring of oxygenation and blood pressure

Maintain a normal body temperature

Achieve adequate levels of electrolytes and glucose in the blood

Food support

Reducing the amount of gases entering the body, such as expressing milk

Treatment

Control the strength of muscle contractions, such as dopamine, dopamine, and melanin

Gas absorption by reducing the surface tension between liquid and gas

Causes and risk factors for childhood pulmonary hypertension

Pulmonary artery hypertension usually occurs within 72 hours of the baby’s birth. This syndrome can be caused by several causes and factors, including:

 

The lungs inhale the digestive products in the stomach of the fetus before birth

Pregnant mother’s depression

Infection

Low body temperature

A birth defect in the lungs or as a result of congenital heart defects

Signs and symptoms of pulmonary artery hypertension in newborns

An increased heart rate of more than 60 beats per minute

The child grunted or moans when breathing in

Severe contractions of the skin between the ribs or under the rib cage

Blue lips or around the mouth and these symptoms increase during the first 24 hours of birth

Pale or blotchy skin

Cold or blue hands and feet

Decreased amount of oxygen in the blood even after using a ventilator

Reduction of Blood pressure

Decreased urination

Flatulence

Diagnosis of pulmonary artery hypertension in newborns

After the first symptoms of pulmonary artery elevation appear, the disease is diagnosed with some diagnostic methods. Echocardiography or ultrasound of the heart is one of the most reliable methods, and it is suitable for children as it does not use any harmful radiation. The diagnosis of pulmonary artery hypertension in newborns is divided into laboratory analyzes, medical imaging and medical procedures.

 

Laboratory analyzes

Measuring the level of arterial gas in the blood

 This test is done to measure the acidity of the blood, the partial pressure of carbon dioxide in artery gas, and the partial pressure of oxygen.

Blood count. This is to measure the level of hematocrit in the blood, as an increase in it indicates pneumonia.

Blood clotting analysis

Serum electrolytes and blood glucose analysis

Cardiac imaging

 

Chest x-ray

 Chest X-ray to discover the presence of any birth defects in the lungs

Eco

 Cardiac ultrasound can be a diagnostic method for pulmonary hypertension in newborns. Echocardiography is the best and safest way to diagnose pulmonary artery hypertension in newborns.

Medical procedures

Diagnostic cardiac catheterization

The doctor may resort to diagnosis by cardiac catheterization

Treatment of pulmonary artery hypertension in newborns

Treatment for pulmonary artery hypertension usually aims to increase the amount of oxygen in the blood and achieve adequate blood pressure in the lungs.

 

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